When negotiators views began to close, they started discussing the technical aspects of the process. From the point of view of Assad

 

Dr.Bouthaina Shaaban

Hafez al-Assad
Kissinger in Damascus.. blocked road.. part..
The Assad didn’t want to go too far into historic differences, but rather he moved on to the most important things in that day’s meeting with his guest three fundamental questions about the proposed #Geneva _ Conference:
′′ Does the United States of America approve. But we can’t abandon any part of our occupied territories, and it must be restored completely, or do you have a different opinion? Does Dr. Kissinger think it is possible to achieve #peace without solving the fundamental issues of Palestinians? Are we going to the Peace Conference to develop a program to achieve these two points you first mentioned or just drown in parts that could take long without a comprehensive solution? ′′
Kissinger replied that he certainly doesn’t want to waste time discussing trivial details. Regarding Assad’s second question, he emphasized the impossible to find a final solution without taking into consideration the Palestinian issue and ambitions.
On the matter of #Earth, he was ready to discuss it with Al-Assad either at that time or later, with the end of the first phase and a partial withdrawal of Israeli forces from the Syrian Golan heights. But he refused to commit himself to a position on the issue of complete withdrawal, because it does not guarantee that it remains a secret for a long time in the Arab world, and if it is revealed. Any secret pledge on his part in this regard would lead to catastrophic effects on US-Israeli relations.
But Hafez Al-Assad was a man of facts, and Kissinger reported two clear facts linked to Assad’s thinking, saying: ′′ A regional settlement cannot be reached without Syria, and the United States has no means to force Syrians to accept something they don’t want. ′′
But he was eager to hold the peace conference and felt that every other detail, from security assurances and early warning stations, came in the second degree once a full dismissal of troops was reached. The lion shook his head, came out a big map and opened it to his American guest.
Kissinger summarized the principles agreed upon with #Sadat, which included the withdrawal of two battalions from the #EgyptianArmy east of the channel, and the maintenance of one battalion, while limiting their use of heavy artillery and tanks. Israelis withdraw from the West Bank of the channel towards Mitla and Capricorn, thus becoming a buffer zone, run by #United Nations _ Peace _ Forces
It should be noted that Egyptian and Israeli army officers conducted direct negotiations after the October War, i.e. after kilo 101, which played a decisive role in facilitating the contract of separation of forces in Sinai. In fact, the talks were very successful, the parties approached the agreement to dismiss troops alone in late October, and Kissinger was forced to intervene to end the process, as it was about to divert attention from his diplomatic power, and pave the way To hold the disputed Geneva conference.
Kissinger felt that the same ideas he searched with Sadat should be applied to the #Syrian _ Front, bearing in mind that the Golan Heights is not deep in Sinai, however, there was no need for a buffer zone, and a line that Israelis must retreat to Once that withdrawal is achieved, the United States promises to declare that this is only the first stage of the total Israeli withdrawal.
From the book ′′ The Brink of the Abyss ′′ #Homeland _ Document ′′
Historic narrative of #Hafez _ Assad and Henry Kissinger’s discussions
Dr. #Bathina _ Shaaban, Special Adviser to the Presidency of the Syrian Arab Republic

Dr.Bouthaina Shaaban

#Kissinger in #Damascus.. blocked road.. part two..
When negotiators views began to close, they started discussing the technical aspects of the process. From the point of view of #Assad, as long as the Golan heights are smaller in the area than #Sinai, with a larger population, Israeli forces must withdraw completely from the region in order to successfully separate the forces, and international observers replace Syrian forces in the territory The editor. Kissinger boycott, without extending an eyelid, declaring that #Israel would not agree with such a suggestion, adding that, however, they would agree to evacuate the area they occupied after October 1973., 1973. He replied Assad that such a pocket is not military value, and the restoration of Golan is fragmented cannot solve anything for sure. Whatever it is, it is not in Israel’s interest to stay in a besieged pocket, which shows us how ′′ foolishness ′′ Israeli officers are.
Henry Kissinger seemed ok with this description. Syria wanted to separate troops on the th of October (pre-war line), and its troops were deploying along the line – except for the Jeep area.
This is where the lion meeting – Kissinger has reached a dead end. The Syrian president insisted on the necessity of demarcating lines of separation of forces with Kissinger before the start of the #conference, and knew fully that the international convention would be just a ′′ theatrical scene ′′ through which a pre-negotiated agreement was passed, agreed between Assad and #Sadat.
The #Egyptian president told his Syrian weapon companion last December that the separation lines ′′ should be clearly drawn on the map before the Geneva conference but Kissinger stopped a few days in #Cairo afterwards, and agreed with Sadat that the dismissal Forces should be the main topic of negotiations in #Geneva, and it is impossible to draw any specific lines before the conference. The lion was not informed of the recent development.
Kissinger opposed the way Assad sees the conference, according to his plan, the Geneva conference, after the opening session, would create an atmosphere of relief in which subgroups start working on separation lines. If Syria is not convinced of the findings reached at this stage, its delegation will be free to boycott the conference and leave before its reconvening in January 1974., Assad completely refused to divide the Arabs, and agreed to attend the conference, and Sitting to the same table as Israelis, provided it is a triple meeting attended by #Egypt and chaired by the United Nations. The idea of the tripartite #negotiations of Kissinger aimed at holding Syrian-Israeli talks in a separate hall, Egyptian-Israeli talks in another hall, and to play the role of mediator between the parties.
Kissinger had agreed in advance with Sadat on the necessity of ′′ dividing the conference into subgroups as quickly as possible ′′ and Sadat wanted to make a quick deal on separation of troops in #Sinai, lest the stubborn lion be discouraged from his significance. He also sought to exclude the two great powers from subgroups in order to avoid Soviet influence and avoid the establishment of a Syrian-Soviet front insists on a comprehensive settlement, contrary to America’s step policy. However, the Egyptian president insisted on keeping Kissinger active from behind a veil so that the agreement with Israel be concluded once the conference was re-held in January.
It seemed clear that the lion did not even put effort into knowing the extent to which hypocrisy became an integral part of Sadat’s character.
From the book ′′ The Brink of the Abyss ′′ #Homeland _ Document ′′
Historic narrative of #Hafez _ Assad and Henry Kissinger’s discussions
Dr. #Bathina _ Shaaban, Special Adviser to the Presidency of the Syrian Arab Repub