Nixon administration was under the ramifications of Watergate and Senator Jackson’s pressure

Source: Bouthaina Shaaban


Second round in Damascus.. Part two..
At this time, the Nixon administration was under the ramifications of Watergate and Senator Jackson’s pressure, who disrupted the American administration’s quest to give the Soviet Union preferential treatment in the commercial field, which was part of the reconciliation policy by which I want to ease tensions between The two great powers.
Jackson’s stated goal was to put pressure on the Soviet leadership to allow Jewish immigration from the #Soviet _ Union, supported by the Jewish lobby in #Washington. But the main goal of his campaign was to break the entire policy of reconciliation and not to paralyze American diplomacy in the Middle East.
Kissinger has adopted a step policy – a step and separating peace paths from the previous determination and determination, not in response to the pressure of the Jewish lobby or the Democratic Party. The only negative effect of #Jackson’s campaign is
Destroying the reconciliation process will lead to Soviet intransigence that the Soviet leadership attempts to disrupt American politics in the Middle East, but this did not happen during the Syrian negotiations. In addition, it is true that the Jewish lobby hated seeing Israel under pressure to withdraw from the #Golan full of settlers. But at that stage of negotiations, Americans were not asking Israelis to make any major withdrawal from the Golan, nor were the Israelis against the idea of a complete withdrawal, as they agreed to a wider withdrawal during kilometre 101 negotiations with Egyptians in November 1973 Bigger than Kissinger offered in three months separation talks.
They’ve been accepting partial withdrawals, contrary to what Kissinger claimed. Yet #Assad seemed convinced of this excuse, he even warned Kissinger that ′′ new Watergate ′′ was in the process.
At that moment, an idea entrenched in Assad’s mind is that the Jewish lobby stands behind the Watergate scandal to prevent Nixon from imposing a comprehensive settlement on Israel. This theory was reinforced when the Water Gate Nixon scandal prompted to resign two months after his visit to Damascus in June 1974, in which the US president explained what Assad pledged this president to work on a comprehensive Middle East settlement All the occupied Arab territories are restored.
Assad will still hold on to this idea in the next two decades despite the change in U.S. Departments, as 1991 said to the U.S. Secretary of State James Baker: ′′ After our meeting Nixon made a statement that his insight is identical to what the United Nations said about This is the struggle. Then he went back to the US and Wattergate suddenly Nixon disappeared and launched a quick campaign, and we believe this has a fundamental relationship with his stance on peace in the region.
From the book ′′ The Brink of the Abyss ′′ #Homeland _ Document ′′
Historic narrative of #Hafez _ Assad and Henry Kissinger’s discussions
Dr. #Bathina _ Shaaban, Special Adviser to the Presidency of the Syrian Arab Republic, p. 67.

Despite Assad’s explosive reaction to the Egyptian-Israeli bilateral agreement, his accent remained friendly throughout his meeting with Kissinger

Source: Bouthaina Shaaban

Second round in Damascus.. Part..
Despite Assad’s explosive reaction to the Egyptian-Israeli bilateral agreement, his accent remained friendly throughout his meeting with Kissinger. Contrary to #Sadat, #Kissinger moved to the Kindergarten Palace and was not left at the airport. But Assad did not try to hide his anger towards the Egyptian agreement. His first concern was the impact that the single Egyptian deal will have on the Syrian people, who used to trust Egypt in the past and is watching it slowly drift into the American Israeli orbit. Not only did this affect the morale of the people, but also made the cooperation between #Damascus and #Cairo in the future, if we don’t say the coalition, almost impossible.
Assad didn’t hide the fact that he said to the gentlemen that no matter how heavy the besieged third army is, he must not move towards a single agreement with #Israel. Kissinger tried to absorb Assad’s anger saying the Israeli-Egyptian agreement is good for the collective Arab Front, because it forced Israel for the first time in its history to withdraw from Arab lands.
With the completion of the disengagement agreement in #Sinai, a similar agreement can now be reached on the Syrian Golan plateau. He pledged to exert the same influence he exerted in the Egyptian talks, without going into any details. But the lion was not convinced.
Kissinger couldn’t move the Syrian president, again complaining about the pressure put on him by the Jewish lobbyist in the United States, and Democratic Senator #HenryJackson, where Kissinger blamed it for preventing serious penetration in the peace process, for this Lobby not Syria.
Kissinger claimed that whenever he and #Nixon try to take a new initiative in the Middle East, ′′ new accusations “. he of course hinted at the Watergate scandal and its repercussions that shook the Nixon administration from the work of the Jewish lobby and American supporters Israel. Kissinger also claimed that if he went too far in the relationship with Syria, a new scandal would have been knitted around him, so he is forced to proceed with the step-step policy.
From the book ′′ The Brink of the Abyss ′′ #Homeland _ Document ′′
Historic narrative of #Hafez _ Assad and Henry Kissinger’s discussions
Dr. #Bathina _ Shaaban, Special Adviser to the Presidency of the Syrian Arab Republic, p. 66

Kissinger continued his mission and put the POW issue under discussion. Israel insisted that it will not sit at a single discussion

Dr.Bouthaina Shaaban

Kissinger in Damascus.. blocked road.. part three..
Kissinger continued his mission and put the POW issue under discussion. Israel insisted that it will not sit at a single discussion table with #Syria unless Damascus releases prisoners of war. #Sadat agreed to liberate all Israeli detainees in early October, as part of the six-point agreement to ensure aid shipments reach the besieged third army. Americans did not ask Syria to go as far as possible on this issue. But, proof of goodwill, Damascus had to release the wounded from Israeli detainees in Syrian prisons, and allow the ICRC to visit the rest of them.
Once a final agreement has been reached, Syria has released all Israelis detained since October 1973. Kissinger indicated, if Assad’s approval, this would provide the United States of America with an argument to use in its forthcoming talks with Israelis But Assad categorically rejected the request, saying it’s too early to discuss a topic like this, and Kissinger reminded that his trust in Israelis is non-existent. Regardless of any debate regarding the issue of prisoners of war, Syria’s participation in the #Geneva _ Conference is contingent upon reaching an agreement on the topic of separation of forces, Assad has emphasized that this must be achieved before and not after the conference. And #Assad wouldn’t have given up the prisoner of war paper as simple as that to start discussions or just to satisfy Americans. The Geneva talks were a waste of time and credibility for the Syrian president, neither he wanted those talks nor the Syrian people wanted them.
Kissinger said if the conference collapses, or if it is never held, it will make it a joke for the international community. The lion interrupted him saying: ′′ This is not a personal matter Dr. Kissinger. War, peace, and occupation are things that must be dealt with with absolute clarity, otherwise any misunderstanding of it will lead to a disaster “.
Afterwards, the parties discussed a final option, as Kissinger suggested he arrange pre-conference talks between Syrian and Israeli officers to discuss the topics of separation of troops and prisoners of war. However, Kissinger warned that talks can succeed, the Israeli s’ stimulus to attend the conference will become small because the next debate will be to consider their withdrawal to pre-war lines.
The lion again took down this subtraction, refusing the idea of dividing the #Arabs, unaware of Sadat’s true intentions.
It seemed clear that conversations reached a dead end. Kissinger wanted the conference but wasn’t able or willing to give the lion anything concrete in return. Six years after the breakdown of relations, Assad’s confidence in his American interlocutors was small, plus his confidence in Sadat was fading quickly. Assad suggested Kissinger look back at the map to try to find answers or solutions saying: ′′ People call you American politics engineer, and this is not a complicated issue “.
Kissinger replied: ′′ It took four years to settle
The conflict in #Vietnam “. seems to have been upset about the excessive expectations of the Arabs of his diplomacy, perhaps due to his amazing reputation of opening up to China and ending the Vietnam War.
This blind Arab trust in Kissinger, which he has taken advantage of without hesitation, will reflect devastating results in the coming months or years.
From the book ′′ The Brink of the Abyss ′′ #Homeland _ Document ′′
Historic narrative of #Hafez _ Assad and Henry Kissinger’s discussions
Dr. #Bathina _ Shaaban, Special Adviser to the Presidency of the Syrian Arab Republic

Henry Kissinger offered his vision for the forthcoming Geneva conference for peace, saying first and foremost, the conference must begin

Dr.Bouthaina Shaaban

Kissinger in Damascus.. GENEX conference..
Henry Kissinger offered his vision for the forthcoming Geneva conference for peace, saying first and foremost, the conference must begin, not because it will be solemn celebration, or because the opening would lead to any outcome, but the real goal of a conference #Peace is the introduction of the ′′ landscape ′′ and the legal framework within which the peace process can continue. Once we start there will be no turning back. During the performance of the inaugural session ceremony, the Conference will be divided into two stages.


In the first phase, the United States of America seeks to persuade Israelis one way or another to withdraw somewhere from the occupied Arab territories, thus achieving separation of forces. He pointed out that this would be difficult because Israel, throughout its history, has never backed down. If he can guarantee such a #withdrawal, that would be a great step, which would create a significant positive change in the psychological situation in the region, but Kissinger asserts that this withdrawal does not necessitate commitment to the decision ‘precise interpretations’ #Council United Nations Security Nos. 242 and 338, and judges for total withdrawal from all the occupied Arab territories. On the #Egyptian Front, Kissinger suggested an Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank of the Suez Canal. He referred to the possibility of applying the same principle primarily on the Syrian side, saying: ′′ It is necessary to withdraw from Syrian territory in the first phase “.
Kissinger added that after reaching the above, negotiations could be moved to the next stage. The _ lion stayed reclined, silently listening without saying a word, waiting for Kissinger to finish his thoughtful theater scene with clear care. The US Secretary of State drew attention to the fact that such withdrawal would be more difficult to achieve on the Syrian Front than the Egyptian Front, because the Israelis ′′ really hate Syrians “.
The reason why the call for #conference was designed is so much headache for Americans in the past weeks, because #Israel refused to attend any meeting if the call message includes any indication of Palestinian representation. Kissinger discusses with Sadat Egypt’s president two solutions on the message, one of them stipulated that the call for ′′ participation of other parties ′′ in the first stage of the conference, and the second that the complicated message should be summarized to become a simple invitation to attend the conference without mentioning anyone from Participants including Palestinians.
Sadat in turn approved both formulas, provided #Damascus approval also. Kissinger Assad stated that Israel was eager to activate a #diplomatic fight and would gladly seek to thwart the conference because of the invitation letter. In addition to the Israeli s’ apathy towards such a conference that could lead them to serious concessions, they welcome any excuse for absenteeism. For six years, Israel has claimed the desire to negotiate with full knowledge that #Arabs will refuse.
Follow Kissinger complaining, but now that situations have changed, Israel is forced to move from words to actions, which has not been easy for #GoldenMair. Kissinger Assad appealed to agree to postpone the opening of the conference from 18 December to 21, to give him time to solve the dilemma of advocacy with the Israeli government.
Here Assad spoke, violating Kissinger’s obsession and talking about conference techniques and procedures, by saying:
′′ Our full stance on the peace conference depends on our conversation ′′
Today “.
From the book of the edge of the abyss ′′ Homeland Document ′′
Historic narrative of #Hafez _ Assad and Henry Kissinger’s discussions
Dr. #Bathina _ Shaaban, Special Adviser to the Presidency of the Syrian Arab Republic